Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Now is the time to understand more, so that we may fear less -Marie Curie

Dr Sumaiya Shaikh is an Australian Neuroscientist with a PhD in Medicine (Neurophysiology) from Sydney and currently holds a post-doctoral fellowship in Sweden.

She has previously conducted research on chronic pain, has published in several academic journals, and has taught MBBS in Western Sydney University.

Currently, her research in the Centre of Social and Affective Neuroscience, Linköping University hospital (Sweden), focuses on the neurobiology of violent aggression. This research is conducted using biological psychiatry, human behaviour, genetics, hormones and brain imaging.

She has interviewed several offenders of violent crimes, both ideologies and non-ideological, and studies the differentiation between retaliatory, instrumental and appetitive violence, the latter being terrorism.

She consults for various CVE measures where neuroscience can be used for deradicalisation. She is also writing a book titled ‘Violent Brains of Ordinary Individuals’.

She is an advocate for evidence-based science and is the contributing editor to the Science section of Alt News, India, which fact-checks scientific misinformation.

She has also previously written for several other South-Asian publications.

Featured brain image by GREG DUNN & BRIAN EDWARDS from The Franklin Institute in Philadelphia